Monument to Catherine II (Pamyatnik Ekaterina II)
Catherine the Great was loved by the people of Russia, and her reign is often referred to as the golden age of Russia. Alexander II wanted to honor the empress and had the Monument to Catherine II (Pamyatnik Ekaterina II) built. The sculpting began in 1862 and wasn't completed until 1873. The statue shows Catherine the Great wearing an ermine coat. She carries a laurel wreath in her left hand and a specter in her right hand. Around her neck she wears the order of St. Andrew.
There are nine other statues towards the base of the monument, and they represent the sphere of influence of the Empress, including Prince Griogory Potemkin and Field Marshall Alexander Suvorov. The only other female statue aside from Catherine is Princess Catherine Dashkov who was the founder of the Russian Academy of Science. The statue of Catherine the Great was replaced by a statue of Lenin after the 1917 Revolution, but it was put back again after the end of the Soviet regime.
The Monument to Catherine the Great is located on Ostrovsky Square. The nearest metro station is Gostiny Dvor.
- Alexandrinsky Theatre
- Nevsky Prospekt
- Anichkov Palace
- Fabergé Museum
- Russian Museum of Ethnography
- Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan (Kazansky Sobor)
- Yusupov Palace (Yusupovsky Dvorets)
- The Anna Akhmatova Museum
- State Russian Museum (Russkiy Muzey)
- Dostoevsky Museum
- Mikhailovsky Castle (St. Michael's Castle)
- Museum of Soviet Arcade Machines
- Stroganov Palace (Stroganovsky Dvorets)
- Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood
- The General Staff Building